Skip to main content

ZooKeeper Data Synchronization Source Code Analysis

· 18 min read
Apache ShenYu Committer

Apache ShenYu is an asynchronous, high-performance, cross-language, responsive API gateway.

In ShenYu gateway, data synchronization refers to how to synchronize the updated data to the gateway after the data is sent in the background management system. The Apache ShenYu gateway currently supports data synchronization for ZooKeeper, WebSocket, http long poll, Nacos, etcd and Consul. The main content of this article is based on WebSocket data synchronization source code analysis.

This paper based on shenyu-2.4.0 version of the source code analysis, the official website of the introduction of please refer to the Data Synchronization Design .

1. About ZooKeeper#

Apache ZooKeeper is a software project of the Apache Software Foundation that provides open source distributed configuration services, synchronization services, and naming registries for large-scale distributed computing. ZooKeeper nodes store their data in a hierarchical namespace, much like a file system or a prefix tree structure. Clients can read and write on nodes and thus have a shared configuration service in this way.

2. Admin Data Sync#

We traced the source code from a real case, such as updating a selector data in the Divide plugin to a weight of 90 in a background administration system:

2.1 Accept Data#

  • SelectorController.createSelector()

Enter the createSelector() method of the SelectorController class, which validates data, adds or updates data, and returns results.

@Validated@RequiredArgsConstructor@RestController@RequestMapping("/selector")public class SelectorController {        @PutMapping("/{id}")    public ShenyuAdminResult updateSelector(@PathVariable("id") final String id, @Valid @RequestBody final SelectorDTO selectorDTO) {        // set the current selector data ID        selectorDTO.setId(id);        // create or update operation        Integer updateCount = selectorService.createOrUpdate(selectorDTO);        // return result         return ShenyuAdminResult.success(ShenyuResultMessage.UPDATE_SUCCESS, updateCount);    }        // ......}

2.2 Handle Data#

  • SelectorServiceImpl.createOrUpdate()

Convert data in the SelectorServiceImpl class using the createOrUpdate() method, save it to the database, publish the event, update upstream.

@RequiredArgsConstructor@Servicepublic class SelectorServiceImpl implements SelectorService {    // eventPublisher    private final ApplicationEventPublisher eventPublisher;        @Override    @Transactional(rollbackFor = Exception.class)    public int createOrUpdate(final SelectorDTO selectorDTO) {        int selectorCount;        // build data DTO --> DO        SelectorDO selectorDO = SelectorDO.buildSelectorDO(selectorDTO);        List<SelectorConditionDTO> selectorConditionDTOs = selectorDTO.getSelectorConditions();        // insert or update ?        if (StringUtils.isEmpty(selectorDTO.getId())) {            //  insert into data            selectorCount = selectorMapper.insertSelective(selectorDO);            // insert into condition data            selectorConditionDTOs.forEach(selectorConditionDTO -> {                selectorConditionDTO.setSelectorId(selectorDO.getId());                selectorConditionMapper.insertSelective(SelectorConditionDO.buildSelectorConditionDO(selectorConditionDTO));            });            // check selector add            if (dataPermissionMapper.listByUserId(JwtUtils.getUserInfo().getUserId()).size() > 0) {                DataPermissionDTO dataPermissionDTO = new DataPermissionDTO();                dataPermissionDTO.setUserId(JwtUtils.getUserInfo().getUserId());                dataPermissionDTO.setDataId(selectorDO.getId());                dataPermissionDTO.setDataType(AdminConstants.SELECTOR_DATA_TYPE);                dataPermissionMapper.insertSelective(DataPermissionDO.buildPermissionDO(dataPermissionDTO));            }
        } else {            // update data, delete and then insert            selectorCount = selectorMapper.updateSelective(selectorDO);            //delete rule condition then add            selectorConditionMapper.deleteByQuery(new SelectorConditionQuery(selectorDO.getId()));            selectorConditionDTOs.forEach(selectorConditionDTO -> {                selectorConditionDTO.setSelectorId(selectorDO.getId());                SelectorConditionDO selectorConditionDO = SelectorConditionDO.buildSelectorConditionDO(selectorConditionDTO);                selectorConditionMapper.insertSelective(selectorConditionDO);            });        }        // publish event        publishEvent(selectorDO, selectorConditionDTOs);
        // update upstream        updateDivideUpstream(selectorDO);        return selectorCount;    }        // ......    }

In the Service class to persist data, i.e. to the database, this should be familiar, not expand. The update upstream operation is analyzed in the corresponding section below, focusing on the publish event operation, which performs data synchronization.

The logic of the publishEvent() method is to find the plugin corresponding to the selector, build the conditional data, and publish the change data.

       private void publishEvent(final SelectorDO selectorDO, final List<SelectorConditionDTO> selectorConditionDTOs) {        // find plugin of selector        PluginDO pluginDO = pluginMapper.selectById(selectorDO.getPluginId());        // build condition data        List<ConditionData> conditionDataList =      ;        // publish event        eventPublisher.publishEvent(new DataChangedEvent(ConfigGroupEnum.SELECTOR, DataEventTypeEnum.UPDATE,                Collections.singletonList(SelectorDO.transFrom(selectorDO, pluginDO.getName(), conditionDataList))));    }

Change data released by eventPublisher.PublishEvent() is complete, the eventPublisher object is a ApplicationEventPublisher class, The fully qualified class name is org.springframework.context.ApplicationEventPublisher. Here we see that publishing data is done through Spring related functionality.


When a state change, the publisher calls ApplicationEventPublisher of publishEvent method to release an event, Spring container broadcast event for all observers, The observer's onApplicationEvent method is called to pass the event object to the observer. There are two ways to call publishEvent method, one is to implement the interface by the container injection ApplicationEventPublisher object and then call the method, the other is a direct call container, the method of two methods of publishing events not too big difference.

  • ApplicationEventPublisher: publish event;
  • ApplicationEvent: Spring event, record the event source, time, and data;
  • ApplicationListener: event listener, observer.

In Spring event publishing mechanism, there are three objects,

An object is a publish event ApplicationEventPublisher, in ShenYu through the constructor in the injected a eventPublisher.

The other object is ApplicationEvent , inherited from ShenYu through DataChangedEvent, representing the event object.

public class DataChangedEvent extends ApplicationEvent {//......}

The last object is ApplicationListener in ShenYu in through DataChangedEventDispatcher class implements this interface, as the event listener, responsible for handling the event object.

@Componentpublic class DataChangedEventDispatcher implements ApplicationListener<DataChangedEvent>, InitializingBean {
    //......    }

2.3 Dispatch Data#

  • DataChangedEventDispatcher.onApplicationEvent()

Released when the event is completed, will automatically enter the DataChangedEventDispatcher class onApplicationEvent() method of handling events.

@Componentpublic class DataChangedEventDispatcher implements ApplicationListener<DataChangedEvent>, InitializingBean {
  /**     * This method is called when there are data changes   * @param event     */    @Override    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")    public void onApplicationEvent(final DataChangedEvent event) {        // Iterate through the data change listener (usually using a data synchronization approach is fine)      for (DataChangedListener listener : listeners) {            // What kind of data has changed        switch (event.getGroupKey()) {                case APP_AUTH: // app auth data                    listener.onAppAuthChanged((List<AppAuthData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());                    break;                case PLUGIN:  // plugin data                    listener.onPluginChanged((List<PluginData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());                    break;                case RULE:    // rule data                    listener.onRuleChanged((List<RuleData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());                    break;                case SELECTOR:   // selector data                    listener.onSelectorChanged((List<SelectorData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());                    break;                case META_DATA:  // metadata                    listener.onMetaDataChanged((List<MetaData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());                    break;                default:  // other types throw exception                  throw new IllegalStateException("Unexpected value: " + event.getGroupKey());            }        }    }    }

When there is a data change, the onApplicationEvent method is called and all the data change listeners are iterated to determine the data type and handed over to the appropriate data listener for processing.

ShenYu groups all the data into five categories: APP_AUTH, PLUGIN, RULE, SELECTOR and META_DATA.

Here the data change listener (DataChangedListener) is an abstraction of the data synchronization policy. Its concrete implementation is:

These implementation classes are the synchronization strategies currently supported by ShenYu:

  • WebsocketDataChangedListener: data synchronization based on Websocket;
  • ZookeeperDataChangedListener:data synchronization based on Zookeeper;
  • ConsulDataChangedListener: data synchronization based on Consul;
  • EtcdDataDataChangedListener:data synchronization based on etcd;
  • HttpLongPollingDataChangedListener:data synchronization based on http long polling;
  • NacosDataChangedListener:data synchronization based on nacos;

Given that there are so many implementation strategies, how do you decide which to use?

Because this paper is based on zookeeper data synchronization source code analysis, so here to ZookeeperDataChangedListener as an example, the analysis of how it is loaded and implemented.

A global search in the source code project shows that its implementation is done in the DataSyncConfiguration class.

/** * Data Sync Configuration * By springboot conditional assembly * The type Data sync configuration. */@Configurationpublic class DataSyncConfiguration {            /**     * zookeeper data sunc     * The type Zookeeper listener.     */    @Configuration    @ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "shenyu.sync.zookeeper", name = "url")  // The condition property is loaded only when it is met    @Import(ZookeeperConfiguration.class)    static class ZookeeperListener {
        /**         * Config event listener data changed listener.         * @param zkClient the zk client         * @return the data changed listener         */        @Bean        @ConditionalOnMissingBean(ZookeeperDataChangedListener.class)        public DataChangedListener zookeeperDataChangedListener(final ZkClient zkClient) {            return new ZookeeperDataChangedListener(zkClient);        }
        /**         * Zookeeper data init zookeeper data init.         * @param zkClient        the zk client         * @param syncDataService the sync data service         * @return the zookeeper data init         */        @Bean        @ConditionalOnMissingBean(ZookeeperDataInit.class)        public ZookeeperDataInit zookeeperDataInit(final ZkClient zkClient, final SyncDataService syncDataService) {            return new ZookeeperDataInit(zkClient, syncDataService);        }    }        // other code is omitted......}

This configuration class is implemented through the SpringBoot conditional assembly class. The ZookeeperListener class has several annotations:

  • @Configuration: Configuration file, application context;

  • @ConditionalOnProperty(prefix = "shenyu.sync.zookeeper", name = "url"): attribute condition. The configuration class takes effect only when the condition is met. That is, when we have the following configuration, ZooKeeper is used for data synchronization.

    shenyu:    sync:     zookeeper:          url: localhost:2181          sessionTimeout: 5000          connectionTimeout: 2000
  • @Import(ZookeeperConfiguration.class):import ZookeeperConfiguration;

  @EnableConfigurationProperties(ZookeeperProperties.class)  // enable zookeeper properties  public class ZookeeperConfiguration {
    /**     * register zkClient in spring ioc.     * @param zookeeperProp the zookeeper configuration     * @return ZkClient {@linkplain ZkClient}        */      @Bean      @ConditionalOnMissingBean(ZkClient.class)      public ZkClient zkClient(final ZookeeperProperties zookeeperProp) {        return new ZkClient(zookeeperProp.getUrl(), zookeeperProp.getSessionTimeout(), zookeeperProp.getConnectionTimeout()); // 读取zk配置信息,并创建zkClient      }  }
@Data@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "shenyu.sync.zookeeper") // zookeeper propertiespublic class ZookeeperProperties {
    private String url;
    private Integer sessionTimeout;
    private Integer connectionTimeout;
    private String serializer;}

When we take the initiative to configuration, use the zookeeper data synchronization, zookeeperDataChangedListener is generated. So in the event handler onApplicationEvent(), it goes to the corresponding listener. In our case, it is a selector data update, data synchronization is zookeeper, so, the code will enter the ZookeeperDataChangedListener selector data change process.

    @Override    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")    public void onApplicationEvent(final DataChangedEvent event) {        // Iterate through the data change listener (usually using a data synchronization approach is fine)        for (DataChangedListener listener : listeners) {            // what kind of data has changed         switch (event.getGroupKey()) {                                    // other code logic is omitted                                    case SELECTOR:   // selector data                    listener.onSelectorChanged((List<SelectorData>) event.getSource(), event.getEventType());   // In our case, will enter the ZookeeperDataChangedListener selector data change process                    break;         }    }

2.4 Zookeeper Data Changed Listener#

  • ZookeeperDataChangedListener.onSelectorChanged()

In the onSelectorChanged() method, determine the type of action, whether to refresh synchronization or update or create synchronization. Determine whether the node is in zk based on the current selector data.

/** * use ZooKeeper to publish change data */public class ZookeeperDataChangedListener implements DataChangedListener {        // The selector information changed    @Override    public void onSelectorChanged(final List<SelectorData> changed, final DataEventTypeEnum eventType) {        // refresh        if (eventType == DataEventTypeEnum.REFRESH && !changed.isEmpty()) {            String selectorParentPath = DefaultPathConstants.buildSelectorParentPath(changed.get(0).getPluginName());            deleteZkPathRecursive(selectorParentPath);        }        // changed data        for (SelectorData data : changed) {            // build selector real path            String selectorRealPath = DefaultPathConstants.buildSelectorRealPath(data.getPluginName(), data.getId());            // delete            if (eventType == DataEventTypeEnum.DELETE) {                deleteZkPath(selectorRealPath);                continue;            }            // selector parent path            String selectorParentPath = DefaultPathConstants.buildSelectorParentPath(data.getPluginName());            // create parent node            createZkNode(selectorParentPath);            // insert or update data            insertZkNode(selectorRealPath, data);        }    }
    // create zk node    private void createZkNode(final String path) {        // create only if it does not exist        if (!zkClient.exists(path)) {            zkClient.createPersistent(path, true);        }    }
    // insert zk node    private void insertZkNode(final String path, final Object data) {        // create zk node        createZkNode(path);        // write data by zkClient         zkClient.writeData(path, null == data ? "" : GsonUtils.getInstance().toJson(data));    }    }

As long as the changed data is correctly written to the zk node, the admin side of the operation is complete. ShenYu uses zk for data synchronization, zk nodes are carefully designed.

In our current case, updating one of the selector data in the Divide plugin with a weight of 90 updates specific nodes in the graph.

We series the above update flow with a sequence diagram.

3. Gateway Data Sync#

Assume that the ShenYu gateway is already running properly, and the data synchronization mode is also Zookeeper. How does the gateway receive and process the selector data after updating it on the admin side and sending the changed data to ZK? Let's continue our source code analysis to find out.

3.1 ZkClient Accept Data#

  • ZkClient.subscribeDataChanges()

There is a ZookeeperSyncDataService class on the gateway, which subscribing to the data node through ZkClient and can sense when the data changes.

/** * ZookeeperSyncDataService */public class ZookeeperSyncDataService implements SyncDataService, AutoCloseable {    private void subscribeSelectorDataChanges(final String path) {       // zkClient subscribe data         zkClient.subscribeDataChanges(path, new IZkDataListener() {            @Override            public void handleDataChange(final String dataPath, final Object data) {                cacheSelectorData(GsonUtils.getInstance().fromJson(data.toString(), SelectorData.class)); // zk node data changed            }
            @Override            public void handleDataDeleted(final String dataPath) {                unCacheSelectorData(dataPath);  // zk node data deleted            }        });    }     // ...}

ZooKeeper's Watch mechanism notifies subscribing clients of node changes. In our case, updating the selector information goes to the handleDataChange() method. cacheSelectorData() is used to process data.

3.2 Handle Data#

  • ZookeeperSyncDataService.cacheSelectorData()

The data is not null, and caching the selector data is again handled by PluginDataSubscriber.

    private void cacheSelectorData(final SelectorData selectorData) {        Optional.ofNullable(selectorData)                .ifPresent(data -> Optional.ofNullable(pluginDataSubscriber).ifPresent(e -> e.onSelectorSubscribe(data)));    }

PluginDataSubscriber is an interface, it is only a CommonPluginDataSubscriber implementation class, responsible for data processing plugin, selector and rules.

3.3 Common Plugin Data Subscriber#

  • PluginDataSubscriber.onSelectorSubscribe()

It has no additional logic and calls the subscribeDataHandler() method directly. Within methods, there are data types (plugins, selectors, or rules) and action types (update or delete) to perform different logic.

/** * The common plugin data subscriber, responsible for handling all plug-in, selector, and rule information */public class CommonPluginDataSubscriber implements PluginDataSubscriber {    //......     // handle selector data    @Override    public void onSelectorSubscribe(final SelectoData selectorData) {        subscribeDataHandler(selectorData, DataEventTypeEnum.UPDATE);    }            // A subscription data handler that handles updates or deletions of data    private <T> void subscribeDataHandler(final T classData, final DataEventTypeEnum dataType) {        Optional.ofNullable(classData).ifPresent(data -> {            // plugin data            if (data instanceof PluginData) {                PluginData pluginData = (PluginData) data;                if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.UPDATE) { // update                    // save the data to gateway memory                     BaseDataCache.getInstance().cachePluginData(pluginData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                    Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(pluginData.getName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.handlerPlugin(pluginData));                } else if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.DELETE) {  // delete                    // delete the data from gateway memory                    BaseDataCache.getInstance().removePluginData(pluginData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                    Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(pluginData.getName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.removePlugin(pluginData));                }            } else if (data instanceof SelectorData) {  // selector data                SelectorData selectorData = (SelectorData) data;                if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.UPDATE) { // update                    // save the data to gateway memory                    BaseDataCache.getInstance().cacheSelectData(selectorData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                     Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(selectorData.getPluginName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.handlerSelector(selectorData));                } else if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.DELETE) {  // delete                    // delete the data from gateway memory                    BaseDataCache.getInstance().removeSelectData(selectorData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                    Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(selectorData.getPluginName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.removeSelector(selectorData));                }            } else if (data instanceof RuleData) {  // rule data                RuleData ruleData = (RuleData) data;                if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.UPDATE) { // update                    // save the data to gateway memory                    BaseDataCache.getInstance().cacheRuleData(ruleData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                    Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(ruleData.getPluginName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.handlerRule(ruleData));                } else if (dataType == DataEventTypeEnum.DELETE) { // delete                    // delete the data from gateway memory                    BaseDataCache.getInstance().removeRuleData(ruleData);                    // If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it                    Optional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(ruleData.getPluginName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.removeRule(ruleData));                }            }        });    }    }

3.4 Data cached to Memory#

Adding a selector will enter the following logic:

// save the data to gateway memoryBaseDataCache.getInstance().cacheSelectData(selectorData);// If each plugin has its own processing logic, then do itOptional.ofNullable(handlerMap.get(selectorData.getPluginName())).ifPresent(handler -> handler.handlerSelector(selectorData));

One is to save the data to the gateway's memory. BaseDataCache is the class that ultimately caches data, implemented in a singleton pattern. The selector data is stored in the SELECTOR_MAP Map. In the subsequent use, also from this data.

public final class BaseDataCache {    // private instance    private static final BaseDataCache INSTANCE = new BaseDataCache();    // private constructor    private BaseDataCache() {    }        /**     * Gets instance.     *  public method     * @return the instance     */    public static BaseDataCache getInstance() {        return INSTANCE;    }        /**      * A Map of the cache selector data     * pluginName -> SelectorData.     */    private static final ConcurrentMap<String, List<SelectorData>> SELECTOR_MAP = Maps.newConcurrentMap();        public void cacheSelectData(final SelectorData selectorData) {        Optional.ofNullable(selectorData).ifPresent(this::selectorAccept);    }           /**     * cache selector data.     * @param data the selector data     */    private void selectorAccept(final SelectorData data) {        String key = data.getPluginName();        if (SELECTOR_MAP.containsKey(key)) { // Update operation, delete before insert            List<SelectorData> existList = SELECTOR_MAP.get(key);            final List<SelectorData> resultList = -> !r.getId().equals(data.getId())).collect(Collectors.toList());            resultList.add(data);            final List<SelectorData> collect =;            SELECTOR_MAP.put(key, collect);        } else {  // Add new operations directly to Map            SELECTOR_MAP.put(key, Lists.newArrayList(data));        }    }    }

Second, if each plugin has its own processing logic, then do it. Through the IDEA editor, you can see that after adding a selector, there are the following plugins and processing. We're not going to expand it here.

After the above source tracking, and through a practical case, in the admin end to update a selector data, the ZooKeeper data synchronization process analysis is clear.

Let's series the data synchronization process on the gateway side through the sequence diagram:

The data synchronization process has been analyzed. In order to prevent the synchronization process from being interrupted, other logic is ignored during the analysis. We also need to analyze the process of Admin synchronization data initialization and gateway synchronization operation initialization.

4. Admin Data Sync initialization#

When admin starts, the current data will be fully synchronized to zk, the implementation logic is as follows:

/** * Zookeeper data init */public class ZookeeperDataInit implements CommandLineRunner {
    private final ZkClient zkClient;
    private final SyncDataService syncDataService;
    /**     * Instantiates a new Zookeeper data init.     *     * @param zkClient        the zk client     * @param syncDataService the sync data service     */    public ZookeeperDataInit(final ZkClient zkClient, final SyncDataService syncDataService) {        this.zkClient = zkClient;        this.syncDataService = syncDataService;    }
    @Override    public void run(final String... args) {        String pluginPath = DefaultPathConstants.PLUGIN_PARENT;        String authPath = DefaultPathConstants.APP_AUTH_PARENT;        String metaDataPath = DefaultPathConstants.META_DATA;        // Determine whether data exists in zk        if (!zkClient.exists(pluginPath) && !zkClient.exists(authPath) && !zkClient.exists(metaDataPath)) {            syncDataService.syncAll(DataEventTypeEnum.REFRESH);        }    }}

Check whether there is data in zk, if not, then synchronize.

ZookeeperDataInit implements the CommandLineRunner interface. It is an interface provided by SpringBoot that executes the run() method after all Spring Beans initializations and is often used for initialization operations in a project.

  • SyncDataService.syncAll()

Query data from the database, and then perform full data synchronization, all authentication information, plugin information, selector information, rule information, and metadata information. Synchronous events are published primarily through eventPublisher. After publishing the event via publishEvent(), the ApplicationListener performs the event change operation. In ShenYu is mentioned in DataChangedEventDispatcher.

@Servicepublic class SyncDataServiceImpl implements SyncDataService {    // eventPublisher    private final ApplicationEventPublisher eventPublisher;         /***     * sync all data     * @param type the type     * @return     */    @Override    public boolean syncAll(final DataEventTypeEnum type) {        // app auth data        appAuthService.syncData();        // plugin data        List<PluginData> pluginDataList = pluginService.listAll();        eventPublisher.publishEvent(new DataChangedEvent(ConfigGroupEnum.PLUGIN, type, pluginDataList));        // selector data        List<SelectorData> selectorDataList = selectorService.listAll();        eventPublisher.publishEvent(new DataChangedEvent(ConfigGroupEnum.SELECTOR, type, selectorDataList));        // rule data        List<RuleData> ruleDataList = ruleService.listAll();        eventPublisher.publishEvent(new DataChangedEvent(ConfigGroupEnum.RULE, type, ruleDataList));        // metadata        metaDataService.syncData();        return true;    }    }

5. Gateway Data Sync Init#

The initial operation of data synchronization on the gateway side is mainly the node in the subscription zk. When there is a data change, the changed data will be received. This relies on the Watch mechanism of ZooKeeper. In ShenYu, the one responsible for zk data synchronization is ZookeeperSyncDataService, also mentioned earlier.

The function logic of ZookeeperSyncDataService is completed in the process of instantiation: the subscription to Shenyu data synchronization node in zk is completed. Subscription here is divided into two kinds, one kind is existing node data updated above, through this zkClient.subscribeDataChanges() method; Another kind is under the current node, add or delete nodes change namely child nodes, it through zkClient.subscribeChildChanges() method.

ZookeeperSyncDataService code is a bit too much, here we use plugin data read and subscribe to track, other types of data operation principle is the same.

/** *  zookeeper sync data service */public class ZookeeperSyncDataService implements SyncDataService, AutoCloseable {    // At instantiation time, the data is read from the ZK and the node is subscribed    public ZookeeperSyncDataService(/* omit the construction argument */ ) {        this.zkClient = zkClient;        this.pluginDataSubscriber = pluginDataSubscriber;        this.metaDataSubscribers = metaDataSubscribers;        this.authDataSubscribers = authDataSubscribers;        // watch plugin, selector and rule data        watcherData();        // watch app auth data        watchAppAuth();        // watch metadata        watchMetaData();    }        private void watcherData() {        // plugin node path        final String pluginParent = DefaultPathConstants.PLUGIN_PARENT;        // all plugin nodes        List<String> pluginZKs = zkClientGetChildren(pluginParent);        for (String pluginName : pluginZKs) {            // watch plugin, selector, rule data node            watcherAll(pluginName);        }        //subscribing to child nodes (adding or removing a plugin)        zkClient.subscribeChildChanges(pluginParent, (parentPath, currentChildren) -> {            if (CollectionUtils.isNotEmpty(currentChildren)) {                for (String pluginName : currentChildren) {                    // you need to subscribe to all plugin, selector, and rule data for the child node                      watcherAll(pluginName);                }            }        });    }        private void watcherAll(final String pluginName) {        // watch plugin        watcherPlugin(pluginName);        // watch selector        watcherSelector(pluginName);        // watch rule        watcherRule(pluginName);    }
    private void watcherPlugin(final String pluginName) {        // plugin path        String pluginPath = DefaultPathConstants.buildPluginPath(pluginName);        // create if not exist        if (!zkClient.exists(pluginPath)) {            zkClient.createPersistent(pluginPath, true);        }        // read the current node data on zk and deserialize it        PluginData pluginData = null == zkClient.readData(pluginPath) ? null                : GsonUtils.getInstance().fromJson((String) zkClient.readData(pluginPath), PluginData.class);        // cached into gateway memory        cachePluginData(pluginData);        // subscribe plugin data        subscribePluginDataChanges(pluginPath, pluginName);    }       private void cachePluginData(final PluginData pluginData) {    //omit implementation logic, is actually the CommonPluginDataSubscriber operation, can connect with the front    }        private void subscribePluginDataChanges(final String pluginPath, final String pluginName) {        // subscribe data changes        zkClient.subscribeDataChanges(pluginPath, new IZkDataListener() {
            @Override            public void handleDataChange(final String dataPath, final Object data) {  // update                 //omit implementation logic, is actually the CommonPluginDataSubscriber operation, can connect with the front            }
            @Override            public void handleDataDeleted(final String dataPath) {   // delete                  // Omit implementation logic, is actually the CommonPluginDataSubscriber operation, can connect with the front
            }        });    }    }    

The above source code is given comments, I believe you can understand. The main logic for subscribing to plug-in data is as follows:

  1. Create the current plugin path
  2. Create a path if it does not exist
  3. Read the current node data on zK and deserialize it
  4. The plugin data is cached in the gateway memory
  5. Subscribe to the plug-in node

6. Summary#

This paper through a practical case, Zookeeper data synchronization principle source code analysis. The main knowledge points involved are as follows:

  • Data synchronization based on ZooKeeper is mainly implemented through watch mechanism;

  • Complete event publishing and listening via Spring;

  • Support multiple synchronization strategies through abstract DataChangedListener interface, interface oriented programming;

  • Use singleton design pattern to cache data class BaseDataCache;

  • Loading of configuration classes via conditional assembly of SpringBoot and starter loading mechanism.